coping skills training session -5


Coping skills training

Aim:

1.      To modify appraisal of daily events

2.      To use cognitive restructuring

3.      To reduce the risk of using maladaptive coping

 

Our personal experiences can influence our perception, appraisal of the situation and coping strategies. Under stress, we are not much thoughtful to processing information as when our lives are calm. Changing the relational meaning of what is happening is a very powerful and widely employed device for regulating thoughts and feelings. Self-regulation consists of learning to delay action, being aware of both what one is feeling and thinking as well as how one is presenting oneself. Our responses to stressful events are the key to successful adaptation and personal growth. The first step in coping with our life events is to become aware of our own habitual reaction to the situation. The second step is to assume responsibility to engage our thinking in helpful ways. Third step will be to choose our action in appropriate manner so that we can cope with it more constructively.

 

Coping strategies
 

What is lacking in you? Each area is important to handle life events



1. Knowledge- gathers relevant information

2. Skills – acquire needed skills

3. Objectives- take a new look, make new meaning, have clear goal and plan

4. Practice – do the daily routine such as regular exercise diet, relaxation and carryout action towards the goal/plan

5. Social support – give and receive help from others, talk to someone you trust

Needed skills

1. Critical thinking skill

Critical thinking skills help us to reduce the errors in our thinking.

2. Problem solving & decision making skill

Systematic approach to complex problems will help us to improve our quality of life.

3. Communication skill

Appropriate communication prevents us from much stress. For example aggressive people dominate others; non assertive people avoid the issue.

4. Interpersonal skill

Family and friends are important in helping us to cope with stress. Developing and maintaining satisfying relationship may be necessary during a period of stressful life situation.

5. Self-regulation

We need to regulate our thinking, feeling and acting so that they are most appropriate to the situation which prevents stress.

These five skills are complementary to each other and are essential for us to cope with our stressful life events.