Coping skills Training



Coping skills training





posted 41 minutes ago by Dr.K Kumar [ updated 41 minutes ago ]



Stress is common to every one; however, we differ in how we respond to our stressors. When we are under or over aroused, we cannot perform our task at our best. Peak performance is achieved when we are in a state of optimum arousal. In our every day situation, if we are in control of our thinking, feeling and action we can reduce the stress and increase our performance. We tend to think, feel and act in a consistent way in accordance with our own beliefs and coping strategies. Most of us habitually react to our life events without much awareness. If we learn to think, feel and act in a helpful, flexible and realistic way we can reduce stress and can gain something out of our stressful life events. This programme designed to cultivate coping resources to minimize the impact and maximize the benefits from our every day stressful events.

OBJECTIVES

1. Identifying present, future stressors and our responses to that stress

2. Providing multiple skills to achieve a sense of mastery over stressors

3. Increase awareness of use of maladaptive ways of coping with stress

4. Build up general personal resources to meet upcoming challenges and personal growth

5. Identify and use beneficial source of social support 

RATIONAL FOR THE PROGRAM


The prevalence of stress is increasing among college students. Maladaptive coping may lead to adjustment problems and unhealthy outcomes. The ways in which an individual appraises and cope with the situation are more important to psychological well-being. Avoidance of coping is not always helpful in learning situation, confront or appraising a stressors as a challenge would be beneficial. Stress coping skills prevents stress related problems and promotes personal growth. Training of certain skills such as problem solving and social skills would prevent stress and enhance coping skills. In order to prevent stress related problems it is necessary to improve the competencies of students, making them more able to cope with whatever difficulties life might bring. Some of the competencies that seem be related to stress coping skills are 1) anticipate or detect potential stressors and identifying functional, dysfunctional coping; 2) taking responsibility for one’s behaviour and its outcome; 3) building satisfying relationship with others; 4) develop effective cognitive problem solving and decision making skills. According to proactive coping theory the individual is seen as striving for improvement, is capable of making things happen. Resource management is an important facet of proactive coping in that students can acknowledge and utilize information, advice, practical assistance and emotional support from others. Those students who are unskilled in these areas might experience and avoid stress. Training in these skills makes them more competent and coping efficiency is maximized.

RESEARCH METHOD

This study adopted quasi-experimental design. Two-group pre-test, post-test non-equivalent group design was utilized in this study. The training programme was developed to enhance the following skills: critical thinking, problem solving, decision-making, communication, interpersonal skills and self-regulation. The sample of this study comprises of 88 students of two sections from III year BSc computer science, from Arts and Science College, Puducherry. Forty-four students were assigned as experimental group, and forty-four students were assigned as control group. The pre-test was administered to both groups and homogeneity was established. The control group did not receive any training whereas the experimental group received training for 21 days. The post-test was administered to both groups and effectiveness was assessed.




RESULT

The finding of the resent study reveals that through intensive training programme the coping skills can be enhanced significantly. If the students are provided with the sense of competence through the coping skills training programs they will become more competent which in turn will help them to prevent various stress related problems and dysfunctional coping.







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